Anthropometric Characteristics and Body Composition in Aikido Practitioners

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Zdenko Reguli; Martina Bernaciková & Michal Kumstát


Although aikido is a non-competitive martial art, it is recognised by SportAccord as worldwide practiced combat sport. There is a lack of scientific research in aikido and the influence of aikido practice on the human body is not known. This is the first study that presents anthropometric characteristics and body composition data in aikido practitioners. 33 adult male aikido athletes (age 36.5±9.6 years, height 178±8 cm, weight 81.2±10.1 kg) were measured. All subjects were divided from beginner to intermediate and advanced group, and were recruited from the Czech Aikido Federation which is officially recognised by the centre of aikido in Japan. As main methods, bio impedance and skinfold measurements were realized. In aikido, body composition does not play an important role compared to other martial arts. Average values are similar to reference of non-athlete population (BMI 25.6±2.7 kg/m, BF 17.18±5.18 %, FFM 65.71±7.69 kg, BSA 1.98±0.15 m2). Even though, aikido has positive effects on body composition, it does not have a high impact. Thus, aikido players should also gain benefits from other aspects of martial arts.

KEY WORDS: Matiegka; Bioimpedance; Martial arts; Body mass.

How to cite this article

REGULI, Z.; BERNACIKOVÁ, M. & KUMSTÁT, M. Anthropometric characteristics and body composition in aikido practitioners. Int. J. Morphol., 34(2):417-423, 2016.