Three Dimensional Morphometry of Proximal Femur to Design Best-Fit Femoral Stem for Indonesian Population

Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookEmail this to someoneShare on Google+

Punto Dewo; Suyitno; Rini Dharmastiti; Urip A. Salim; Luthfi Hidayat Prahesta A. Wibowo; Zikrina A. Lanodiyu & Rahadyan Magetsari.


To design custom-made prosthesis in a certain population, the morphometry needs to be measured. The results of this study were expected to provide basic data to design the ideal size of the total hip arthoplasty prosthesis for Indonesian population. This was an anthropometric study conducted on sex matched 100 healthy Indonesian mongoloid race subjects based on Computer Tomographic (CT) imaging on the proximal femur. The parameters being used in this study were Femoral Head Offset (FHO), Femoral Head Position (FHP), Femoral Head Diameter (FHD), Neck-Shaft Angle (NSA), Anteroposterior Width (APW) and Mediolateral Width at 3 different locations, and Canal Flare Index (CFI). This study showed that Indonesian has smaller proximal femur morphometry as compared to Western population. The mean value of all parameters in male were larger than female. Moreover, FHO and FHP showed significant difference among male and female indicating the location of male femoral head center lies superiorly as compared to female. The dimension of femoral canal was found to be mediolaterally oval, 1.43, 1.28, and 1,34, respectively, in 3 different cutting (20 mm above and 40 mm below lesser trochanter, and isthmus). CFI of Indonesian was classified to be stovepipe femoral canal (2.99) that is the suggestion to use cemented femoral stem. This study showed that Indonesian proximal femur dimension has smaller build compared with Western counterpart. The proposed dimensions can be used as the basic data to design the ideal size of the femoral stem for Indonesian population.

KEY WORDS: Proximal femur morphometry; Computed tomography; Femoral stem; Indonesian population.

How to cite this article

DEWO, P.; SUYITNO; DHARMASTITI, R.; SALIM, U. A.; HIDAYAT, L.; WIBOWO, P. A.; LANODIYU, Z. A. & MAGETSARI. R. Three dimensional morphometry of proximal femur to design Best-Fit femoral stem for Indonesian population. Int. J. Morphol., 34(2):436-442, 2016.