Identification in Immuno-Electron Microscopy of Solitary Multi-Polar Peripheral Neurons of Adult Opisthorchis viverrini by Antibody Against Rat Diacylglycerol Kinaseζ

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Wiphawi Hipkaeo; Nawaporn Techataweewan; Waraporn Sakaew; Wanchai Maleewong Banchob Sripa; Surang Chomphoo; Yasukazu Hozumi; Kaoru Goto & Hisatake Kondo


By utilizing the antibody for rat DGKζ a substantial number of immunopositive cells were found in the OV (Opisthorchis viverrini). The immunopositive cells appeared solitarily and they were distributed rather symmetrically to the longitudinal axis of the OV. Some of them were located in close proximity to internal organs such as uterus, ovary, testes, vitelline glands and guts. The immunostained cells extended tapering processes horizontally or obliquely to the OV longitudinal axis. In immuno-electron microscopy, the immunopositive cells were characterized by intensely immunostained mitochondria and weakly immunostained cytoplasm and immunonegative chromatin-poor nucleus. Vacuoles of various sizes without the immunoreactivity were also contained in the cells. Thin cellular processes without the immunoreactivity were found to enclose thinly the entire surfaces of the immunostained cells and processes, and they were in continuity with the interstitial partition-like processes which contained nuclei and aggregation of microfibrils at some distance from the cytoplasmic envelopes. The present finding suggests the possibility that the immunostained cells were peripheral neurons enveloped by peripheral glia and that the glia are of mesenchymal origin because of their cytoplasmic continuity to the interstitial partition-like processes. The motor or sensory nature of the neurons remains to be elucidated.

KEY WORDS: DGKζ; Immunoreactivity; Peripheral neurons; Glia; Opisthorchis viverrini; Ultrastructure.

How to cite this article

HIPKAEO, W.; TECHATAWEEWAN, N.; SAKAEW, W.; MALEEWONG, W.; SRIPA, B.; CHOMPHOO, S.; HOZUMI, Y.; GOTO, K. & KONDO, H. Identification in immuno-electron microscopy of solitary multi-polar peripheral neurons of adult Opisthorchis viverrini by antibody against rat diacylglycerol kinaseζ. Int. J. Morphol., 34(2):471-477, 2016.