Effect of High Altitude Hypoxia on the Postnatal Development of Rat Testis: Histological and Histometric Study

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Heitham Mutwakil Mohammed & Tingari, M. D


The study was carried out at two different altitudes in the southern region of Saudi Arabia: Abha, 2,800 meters above sea level, the high altitude (HA) area and Jazan, 40 meters above sea level the low altitude (LA) area. Following exposure to high altitude, and up to the third week of postnatal development, some of the seminiferous tubules showed detachment from the basal lamina, spaces of different sizes within the epithelial layer with vacuoles in the center and Pyknotic nuclei were noted in the spermatogonia and primordial germ cells. Rounded spermatids were seen in the lumen only on day 35 of hypoxic group, no spermatozoa were recognized until day 45 of postnatal development. On day 45 hypoxic rat testes revealed various types of atrophy and degeneration in the seminiferous tubules and in the interstitial tissue, there was detachment of the basal laminae of the tubules and a profound decrease in cellularity. Significant decrease in epithelial height was noticed in these animals (P <0.05). Also, the diameter of the tubules showed slight decrease with concomitant increase in interstitial spaces in all hypoxic rats.

KEY WORDS: High altitude; Low altitude; Hypoxia.

How to cite this article

MOHAMMED, H. M. & TINGARI, M. D. Effect of high altitude hypoxia on the postnatal development of rat testis: Histological and histometric study. Int. J. Morphol., 34(2):610-615, 2016.