Effects of Pilates-Interventional Program on Calcaneus-Bone Density Parameters of Adult Women

DOI : 10.4067/S0717-95022015000400004
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Milena Mikalacki; Nebojsa Cokorilo; Borislav Obradovic; Ana Marijanac & Pedro Jesus Ruiz-Montero

Summary

Physical exercise has a positive influence on bone tissue and therefore, is recommended in order to prevent the bone mass loss during the aging process. Similarly, normally practice of exercise potentially prevents the incidence of osteoporosis and bone fractures in adult women. In order to evaluate the differences of a Pilates-Interventional Program on parameters of bone density (right and left calcaneus) for six months, a total of 22 women (48.18±9.59) participated in the study. Bone mineral density (BMD) was estimated by the broadband ultrasonic attenuation (BUA) and the speed of sound signals (SOS), through "Sahara" sound device. The BUA showed significant difference in the right and the left leg (both, P< 0.01), the SOS of the right leg (P<0.05), whereas the BMD was not proved to be statistically significant at the end of the treatment. In conclusion, the bone mineral density by BUA increased, while the speed of sound of the right leg decreased. Thus, our findings might imply a better level of bone strength after a specific intervention focused on the Pilates method.

KEY WORDS: Physical exercise; Calcaneus; Broadband ultrasonic attenuation; Speed of sound signals.

How to cite this article

MIKALACKI, M.; COKORILO, N.; OBRADOVIC, B.; MARIJANAC, A. & RUIZ-MONTERO, P. J. Effects of Pilates- interventional program on calcaneus-bone density parameters of adult women. Int. J. Morphol., 33(4):1220-1224, 2015.