Effects of Chronic Administration of Efavirenz on the Chromatophilic Substance of the Intracranial Auditory Relay Centres of Adult Wistar Rats

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000300037
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Adjene, J. O. & Igbigbi, P. S.

Summary

The effects of chronic administration of efavirenz commonly used as part of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) type-1 therapy on the chromatophilic substance of the intracranial auditory relay centre namely the inferior colliculus and medial geniculate body of adult wistar rats were carefully studied. The rats of both sexes (n=20), with an average weight of 200g were randomly assigned into treatment (n=10) and control (n=10) groups. The rats in the treatment group received 600 mg/70kg body weight of efavirenz dissolved in distilled water daily for 30 days through the orogastric tube. The control group received equal volume of distilled water daily for 30 days through the same route. The rats were fed with grower's mash obtained from Edo Feeds and Flour Mill Limited, Ewu, Edo state, Nigeria and given water liberally. The rats were sacrificed by cervical dislocation method on the thirty-first day of the experiment. The inferior colliculus and medial geniculate body were carefully dissected out and quickly fixed in 10% formal saline for histological study. The histological findings indicated that the treated sections of the inferior colliculus and medial geniculate body showed that the chromatophilics substances were less intensely stained as compared to the control. The parenchyme was vacuolated and with evidence of hypertrophy and more spaces between the axonal mesh around the sparsely distributed neurons as compared to the control group. The treated section of the inferior colliculus showed neurons with faintly stained chromatophilics substances in large, medium and small sized neurons while that of the medial geniculate body showed less intense and enlarge chromatophilics substances with some vacuolations. Chronic administration of efavirenz may therefore have an adverse effect on the chromatophilics substances of the inferior colliculus and medial geniculate body of adult wistar rats. It is recommended that further studies aimed at corroborating these observations be carried out.

KEY WORDS: Efavirenz; Chromatophilic substance; Inferior colliculus; Medial Geniculate body; Wistar rats.

How to cite this article

ADJENE, J. O. & IGBIGBI, P. S. Effects of chronic administration of efavirenz on the chromatophilic substance of the intracranial auditory relay centres of adult wistar rats. Int. J. Morphol., 30(3):993-998, 2012.