Anatomical, Clinical and Radiographic Characteristics of Styloid Syndrome (Eagle Syndrome): a Case Report

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Rogério Leone Buchaim; Daniela Vieira Buchaim; André Luis Shinohara; Antonio de Castro Rodrigues; Jesus Carlos Andreo & Farooque Jamaluddin Ahmed


Styloid syndrome is characterized by an elongated styloid process or calcification of the stylomandibular and stylohyoid ligament. This study describes a case of a 65-year-old woman who presented to the Stomatology Clinic, University of Marilia with temporomandibular joint pain, ear ringing and a reduced ability to open the mouth. Panoramic and posteroanterior digital radiographs showed bilateral elongation of the styloid processes, especially of the right side, whose length extended beyond the mandible angle. The diagnosis was confirmed with the association of clinical data and image examinations. The treatment options for styloid Syndrome include clinical follow-up, surgical removal of the styloid process or fracture of the elongated process. The case was managed by providing prosthetic rehabilitation and clinical follow-up, observing the level of discomfort and the benefit that could be achieved by the therapy, and avoiding surgical intervention.

KEY WORDS: Eagle syndrome; Elongated styloid process syndrome; Temporal bone.

How to cite this article

BUCHAIM, R. L.; BUCHAIM, D. V.; SHINOHARA, A. L.; RODRÍGUES, A. C.; ANDREO, J. C. & AHMED, F. J. Anatomical, clinical and radiographic characteristics of styloid syndrome (Eagle syndrome): a case report. Int. J. Morphol., 30(2):701-704, 2012.