Morphologic Bilateral Differences of Top Level Gymnasts

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Ivan Cuk; Maja Bucar Pajek; Barbara Jakse; Jernej Pajek & Mojca Pecek


Gymnastics is a basic sport, which was developed under a philosophic idea "Mens sana in corpore sano". Such an idea supposes harmonized body and soul. We can also understand under such a terminus the symmetricity of the athletic body. Aim of our investigation was to determine whether gymnast's body is symmetric. On the sample of 40 top level gymnasts (average age of 23 years) who were attending World Cup Competition in Ljubljana in the year 2000 we measured 13 anthropometric characteristics ­ joint diameters, circumferences and skinfold thicknesses on the left and right side. While there were no differences between the left and right leg parameters, there were some significant differences between the left and right arm measures. We found significant differences in elbow diameter, circumference of forearm, and skin fold thicknesses of triceps and biceps brachii. It is beneficial for coaches to control the symmetry of their athletes as the differences may be a sign of single-sided arm overload and predict acute or chronic injuries.

KEY WORDS: Anthropometrics; Bilateral differences; Male; Artistic gymnastics.

How to cite this article

CUK, I.; PAJEK, M. B.; JAKSE, B.; PAJEK, J. & PECEK, M. Morphologic bilateral differences of top level gymnasts. Int. J. Morphol., 30(1):110-114, 2012.