Morpho-histometric evaluations of pre-pubertal, pubertal and post-pubertal vesicular gland of indigenous bulls of Bangladesh.

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022015000100030
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Gitaindro Nath Adhikary; Mst. Ismat Ara Begum; Muhammad Nazrul Islam; Kazi Mehetazul Islam & Shah Md. Abdur Rauf

Summary

The present observation was aimed to evaluate the gross and histometric parameters of the vesicular glands of indigenous bulls. Twenty-eight bulls of three age groups were selected from the local market: the pre pubertal group A (<1 year n= 4), pubertal group B (1.5–2.5 years, n= 16) and post pubertal or adult group C (above 3 years, n=8). The weight, length (anterio-posterior), width (latero-medial) and the thickness (dorso-ventral) of the both left and right vesicular glands were recorded separately after slaughter of each animal. The left and right vesicular gland shows significantly different (p<0.01), in weight and length in every group. Left vesicular glands were slightly higher than the right in all parameters. The lobules of the gland showed folded mucosa, lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium. Three types of cells were identified in the epithelium containing A, B and C cell. Type A cells were tall columnar cells having distinct cell boundaries with the oval, round or elongated nucleus. Type B cells were located in the basal lamina having round or oval nucleus with indistinct cell boundaries. Type C cells were narrow columnar cells interspersed between A cells with darkly stained cytoplasm. Lamina propria consisted of loose connective tissue surrounded the alveoli, tubules and some solid end pieces. The numbers of secretory end pieces were variable. The diameters of luminated or non-luminated acini of the glandular end pieces and ducts were increased gradually and significantly (p<0.01) with the advancement of age. The epithelial height of the duct and alveoli were increased with the advancement of age, but no significantly differences among them. Tunica adventitia and muscularis grew with the advancement of age while the interstitial tissue shrunk equally. Above all parameters help to conclude that the vesicular glands of the pubertal indigenous bulls were more functional.

KEY WORDS: Vesicular gland; Indigenous bull; Histometry.

How to cite this article

ADHIKARY, G. N.; BEGUM, M. I. A.; ISLAM, M. N.; ISLAM, K. M. & RAUF, S. M. A. Morpho-histometric evaluations of pre- pubertal, pubertal and post-pubertal vesicular gland of indigenous bulls of Bangladesh. Int. J. Morphol., 33(1):187-193, 2015.