Acteoside Attenuates Recognition Memory Impairment in CUMS Rats via Regulating Synaptic Plasticity and mTOR Signaling Pathway

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Manli Sun; Wenjuan Fan; Xinghong Wang; Jin Meng; Fuhua Zhang; Quanzhong Chang & Haifeng Deng


We evaluated the role and mechanism of acteoside in the regulation of memory impairment induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). CUMS was used to induce depression in rats and the successful establishment of CUMS model were verified by forced swimming test and sucrose preference test. The Y-maze test and novel object recognition test assessed memory functions. The structural changes in the cortex and hippocampus were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Immunofluorescence staining and western blotting determined the protein levels. Y-maze test and novel object recognition test showed that there was memory performance impairment in rats of CUMS group, which was improved by the acteoside treatment. HE staining showed that CUMS exposure damaged the structure in the cortex and hippocampus, while the acteoside treatment alleviated the structural changes. Compared with the control group, the levels of BNDF and CREB in the cortex and hippocampus of the CUMS group were significantly decreased. Acteoside significantly reversed the expressions of these proteins in CUMS rats. Meanwhile, compared with the control group, the levels of p-mTOR and p- P70S6K in the cortex and hippocampus of the CUMS group were significantly increased, and these changes were significantly reversed by acteoside. Nevertheless, the effect of acteoside on mTOR signaling was markedly blocked by rapamycin, a specific inhibitor of mTOR signaling. Acteoside can attenuate memory impairment and ameliorate neuronal damage and synaptic plasticity in depression rats probably via inhibiting the mTOR signaling pathway. Acteoside may serve as a novel reagent for the prevention of depression.

KEY WORDS: Acteoside; Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS); Depression; Memory impairment. Synaptic plasticity; mTOR signaling.

How to cite this article

SUN, M.; FAN, W.; WANG, X.; MENG, J.; ZHANG, F.; CHANG, Q. & DENG, H. Acteoside attenuates recognition memory impairment in CUMS rats via regulating synaptic plasticity and mTOR signaling pathway. Int. J. Morphol., 42(2):470-478, 2024.