Somatic Maturity and Physical Performance in Male Youth Players from a Professional Soccer Academy

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Luis Enrique Carranza-García; Natanael Cervantes-Hernández; Mario Domínguez-Sosa; Marcela Alanís-Flores; Ricardo López-García; Aldo Vasquez-Bonilla & Luis Alberto Flores


The aim was to analyze the relationship between somatic maturation and physical performance in male youth soccer players belonging to a professional Mexican academy. In 121 male soccer aged 11 to 16 years from a professional academy the peak height velocity (PHV), percentage of adult height (PAS), jump capacity, sprint, intermittent speed and muscle mass were estimated. ANOVA was conducted to compare performance variables among maturity somatic categories and percentiles were calculated based on maturity offset using LMS method. Furthermore, a general linear model was employed to determine the explanatory variables for performance. Post-PHV soccer players demonstrated superior physical performance across several tests compared to Pre-PHV (p<0.001) and Circa-PHV (p<0.001) players. The smoothed percentile values of performance tests, based on somatic maturation, indicated progressive performance enhancement as individuals approached PHV (-2 to 2 years from PHV) (p<0.005). PHV was associated with jump capacity (p<0.001) and intermittent speed (p=0.007) while PAS was associated with time in sprint (p=.0004). In conclusion PHV and PAS explained better performance than chronological age, body composition characteristics, injuries, or training factors.

KEY WORDS: Peak Height Velocity; Growth spurt; Somatic maturity; Soccer players; Physical fitness.

How to cite this article

CARRANZA-GARCÍA, L. E.; CERVANTES-HERNÁNDEZ, N.; DOMÍNGUEZ-SOSA, M.; ALANÍS-FLORES, M.; LÓPEZ-GARCÍA, R.; VASQUEZ-BONILLA, A. & FLORES, L. A. Somatic maturity and physical performance in male youth players from a professional soccer academy. Int. J. Morphol., 42(2):429-436, 2024.