Phytochemical Screening and in vitro Anticancer Activity of Some Medicinal Plants Grown in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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Usama A. Mahalel; Ibrahim B. Abdel-Farid; Mohamed M. Rowezak; Sabry A. El-Naggar; Karim S. El-Said; Diaa Massoud & Arafa I. Hamed


SUMMARY: This study evaluated the phytochemical screening, antioxidant capacity, and in vitro anticancer activities of four plants namely, Gypsophila capillaris, Anabasis lachnantha, Haloxylon salicornicum, and Horwoodia dicksoniae which belong to four different families: Caryophyllaceae, Amaranthaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Brassicaceae, respectively. The total phenolics, anthocyanins, saponins, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and DPPH assays were determined by spectrophotometer. In vitro anticancer activity was assessed using two human cancer cell lines; hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG-2) and breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) to estimate the inhibition concentration 50 % (IC50). The results showed that H. dicksoniae has the highest concentrations of phenolics and saponins, while H. salicornicum has the highest DPPH. The highest concentration of TAC was found in G. capillaries. Among the tested extracts, G. capillaries and H. salicornicum have the potential activity against MCF-7 and HepG-2 cell lines in vitro. The content of polyphenols in G. capillaries was profiled by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The highest concentration among the phenolic compounds was chlorogenic (60.8 μg/ml) while the highest concentration among the flavonoid compounds was hesperidin (1444.92 μg/ml). In summary, G. capillaries and H. salicornicum extracts have potent anticancer activity against HepG-2 and MCF-7 cell lines.

KEY WORDS: Metabolomic screening, Antioxidant; Anticancer; HepG-2, MCF-7.

How to cite this article

MAHALEL, U. A.; ABDEL-FARID, I. B.; ROWEZAK, M. M.; EL-NAGGAR, S. A.; EL-SAID, K. S.; MASSOUD, D. & HAMED, A. I. Phytochemical screening and in vitro anticancer activity of some medicinal plants grown in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Morphol., 42(2):362-367, 2024.