The lncRNA-MALAT1/miR-330-3p Axis Promotes Growth and Metastasis of Gastric Cancer Through Regulation of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A: A Genetic and Cell Evaluation Study

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Zhi-li Hu; Yang-zhi Hu & Guang-dong Pan


Overexpression of metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) in various tumor tissues and cell lines was found to promote tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. However, the role of MALAT1 in gastric cancer (GC) is still unclear. We aimed to investigate the correlation between long-chain non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), MALAT1, MicroRNAs (miRNA) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) in gastric cancer and to disclose underlying mechanism. The correlation between MALAT1 levels and clinical features was analyzed by bioinformatics data and human samples. The expression of MALAT1 was down regulated in AGS cells to detect the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion characteristics, as well as the effects on signal pathways. Furthermore, we validated the role of MALAT1/miR-330-3p axis in GC by dual luciferase reporter gene assays. Expression of MALAT1 was higher in cancer tissues than in para-cancerous tissues. The high MALAT1 level predicted malignancy and worse prognosis. Down-regulation of MALAT1 expression in AGS cells inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by targeting VEGFA. By dual luciferase reporter gene assay and miR-330-3p inhibitor treatment, we demonstrate that MALAT1 sponged miR-330-3p in GC, leading to VEGFA upregulation and activation of the mTOR signaling pathway. The MALAT1/miR-330-3p axis regulates VEGFA through the mTOR signaling pathway and promotes the growth and metastasis of gastric cancer.

KEY WORDS: Gastric cancer; lncRNA MALAT1; miR-330-3p; VEGFA; mTOR signaling pathway.

How to cite this article

HU, Z. L.; HU, Y. Z. & PAN, G. D. The lncRNA-MALAT1/miR-330-3p axis promotes growth and metastasis of gastric cancer through regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor A: A genetic and cell evaluation study. Int. J. Morphol., 42(2):239-248, 2024.