Protective Effects and Mechanisms of Huangqi Decoction Against Radiation-Induced Bystander Effects

Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookEmail this to someoneShare on Google+

Fangyu An; Chunlu Yan; Jiajin Li; Xueying Lv; Caixia Wang; Jie Deng; Biao Shi; Jinlong Zhang; Wenxuan Che & Wenrui Zheng


The 12C6+ heavy ion beam irradiation can cause bystander effects. The inflammatory cytokines, endocrine hormones and apoptotic proteins may be involved in 12C6+ irradiation-induced bystander effects. This study characterized the protective effects and mechanisms of Huangqi decoction (HQD) against 12C6+ radiation induced bystander effects. Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, 12C6+ heavy ion irradiation model, and high-dose/medium-dose/low-dose HQD groups. HE staining assessed the pathological changes of brain and kidney. Peripheral blood chemical indicators as well as inflammatory factors and endocrine hormones were detected. Apoptosis was measured with TUNEL. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression was determined with real-time PCR and Western blot.Irradiation induced pathological damage to the brain and kidney tissues. After irradiation, the numbers of white blood cells (WBC) and monocyte, and the expression of interleukin (IL)-2, corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and PCNA decreased. The damage was accompanied by increased expression of IL-1β, IL-6, corticosterone (CORT) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) as well as increased neuronal apoptosis. These effects were indicative of radiation-induced bystander effects. Administration of HQD attenuated the pathological damage to brain and kidney tissues, and increased the numbers of WBC, neutrophils, lymphocyte and monocytes, as well as the expression of IL-2, CRH and PCNA. It also decreased the expression of IL-1β, IL-6, CORT and ACTH as well as neuronal apoptosis. HQD exhibits protective effects against 12C6+ radiation-induced bystander effects. The underlying mechanism may involve the promotion of the production of peripheral blood cells, inhibition of inflammatory factors and apoptosis, and regulation of endocrine hormones.

KEY WORDS: Huangqi decoction; 12C6+ irradiation; Inflammatory factors; Endocrine hormone; Apoptosis.

How to cite this article

AN, F.; YAN, C.; LI, J.; LV, X.; WANG, C.; DENG, J.; SHI, B.; ZHANG, J.; CHE, W. & ZHENG, W. Protective effects and mechanisms of Huangqi decoction against radiation-induced bystander effects. Int. J. Morphol., 41(5):1527-1536, 2023.