Comparative Pilot Study Between Dactyloscopy Identification and Poroscopy for Human Identification Purposes in Peru

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Albert Nestor Alvarez Quispe; Alex Frank Lopez Acosta; Lorena Mirella Sáenz Naupari & Carlos D. Neyra-Rivera


Dactyloscopy or papiloscopy corresponds to the scientific study of digital, palmar and plantar impressions, whose purpose is the infallible or indubitable identification of a subject. There are three levels to identify with greater certainty level 1 (type or fingerprint pattern), level 2 (minutiae or characteristic points) and level 3 (poroscopy and crestoscopy). Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the characteristics of direct fingerprints and direct fingerprints in order to verify the presence of characteristic points and pores to improve the human identification process. 80 samples (54 women and 26 men) were analyzed. Of these, 800 impressions and 800 direct fingerprints with fingerprint buffer and black powder were captured. In footprints with buffer, 71.25 % and 1.25 % were identified with 14 and 6 Characteristic Points respectively and in groups of pores 84 % and 35 % for a group of 1 and groups of  7 and 8 pores respectively. With black powder, only Characteristic Points and no Pores were identified. The number of pores in men was greater than 10 (LR= 2.08) and in women less than 6 (LR= 1.93). The groups of pores were less than or equal to 12 pores (LR= 1.04) for men and greater than or equal to groups of 13 pores (LR=1.28) for women. It was possible to identify groups of pores with a fingerprint buffer but not with chemical powders, which could be used to implement a protocol for the use of level 3 identification.

KEY WORDS: Fingerprinting; Pore group; Poroscopy; Characteristic points.

How to cite this article

ALVAREZ, Q. A. N.; LOPEZ, A. A. F.; SÁENZ, N. L. M. & NEYRA-RIVERA, C. D. Comparative pilot study between dactyloscopy identification and poroscopy for human identification purposes in Peru. Int. J. Morphol., 41(5):1400-1410, 2023.