Precisión de la Identificación Ecográfica del Nervio Supraescapular en la Fosa Supraclavicular: Un Estudio Cadavérico

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Naraporn Maikong; Perada Kantakam; Prangmalee Leurcharusmee; Apichat Sinthubua & Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh


Sonographic identification of suprascapular nerve (SSN) is essential for diagnosis of suprascapular neuropathy and ultrasound-guided suprascapular nerve block. This study aims to demonstrate the accuracy of identification of SSN at supraclavicular region by ultrasonography in fresh cadavers. Ninety-three posterior cervical triangles were examined. With ultrasonography, SSN emerging from the upper trunk of brachial plexus was identified and followed until it passed underneath the inferior belly of omohyoid muscle. Sonographic visualization of SSN in supraclavicular fossa was recorded. Then, cadaveric dissection was performed to determine the presence or absence of SSN. An agreement between sonographic identification and direct visualization was specified and categorized the following three patterns: “correctly identified” (pattern I), “incorrectly identified” (pattern II), and “unidentified” (pattern III). The identification of SSN using sonography was correct in almost 90 %. The diameter of SSN with pattern I was the largest compared to those of other two patterns. In pattern I, SSN ran laterally from the upper trunk of brachial plexus and passed underneath the inferior belly of omohyoid muscle. Therefore, SSN was easily identified under ultrasonography. In pattern II, nerve identified by ultrasonography was literally the dorsal scapular nerve.In pattern III, SSN was unable to be identified because of its anatomical variation. The accuracy of ultrasonographic identification of SSN at supraclavicular fossa is high and the key sonoanatomical landmarks are the lateral margin of brachial plexus and the inferior belly of omohyoid muscle. The anatomical variants of SSN are reasons of incorrect or unable identification of SSN under ultrasonography.

KEY WORDS: Suprascapular nerve; Supraclavicular region; Sonography; Cadaveric study.

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MAIKONG, N.; KANTAKAM, P.; LEURCHARUSMEE, P.; SINTHUBUA, A. & MAHAKKANUKRAUH, P. Accuracy of sonographic identification of suprascapular nerve at supraclavicular fossa: A cadaveric study. Int. J. Morphol., 39(5):1473-1479, 2021.