Análisis Endoscópico in Situ de la Microestructura Ósea y Vascularización en Alvéolos Post-Extracción Inmediatamente Después de una Extracción Dental Mínimamente Invasiva en Dientes con Diferente Estado Periodontal

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Daniela Arraño; Alejandra Chaparro; Marcio Lazzarini; Pablo Acuña-Mardones; Wilfried Engelke & Víctor Beltrán


The aim of this study was to perform an in situ endoscopic analysis of the vascularization of post-extraction sites immediately after a non-traumatic extraction in terms of the number of blood vessels per field (NBV), relative area of blood vessels (RABV) and relative area of unmineralized bone (RAUB) in teeth with different periodontal status (PS). This assessment was performed using short distance support immersion endoscopy (SD-SIE). Ten patients (4 men/ 6 women, aged between 25 and 44) were selected. From them, 10 teeth were extracted due to periodontal reasons or other motives. These teeth were then categorized into 2 groups according to their PS, either as periodontally compromised (PC) (clinical attachment loss (CAL) > 7 mm and probing depth (PD) > 5 mm) or periodontally healthy (PH) (CAL < 7 mm and PD < 5 mm, without bleeding or suppuration during periodontal probing), and mobile (M) (> 1 mm horizontally) or immobile (I) (< 1 mm horizontally). The minimally invasive vertical tooth extractions were performed using the Benex ® extractor. Immediately after extraction, a rigid immersion endoscope with a diameter of 2.7 mm was introduced, and a video-alveoloscopy was carried out. This video was analyzed by ImageJ software for the quantification of NBV, RABV and RAUB per field of the post-extraction sites with different PS (PC, PH, M, I) were quantified. In the PC group, significantly greater values for RAUB were observed (33.45 %) compared to those from the PH group (19.65 %). Compared with the M group, the I group did not show significant differences in terms of RAUB or RABV . There were also no differences in NBV in both groups (Means: 33.8 vs. 30.5, respectively).

KEY WORDS: Extraction socket; Endoscopy; Microsurgical removal; Bone vascularization.

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ARRAÑO, D. ; CHAPARRO, A.; LAZZARINI, M.; ACUÑA-MARDONES, P.; ENGELKE, W. & BELTRÁN, V. In situ endoscopic analysis of bone microstructure and vascularization in post-extraction sites immediately after a minimally invasive vertical tooth extraction in teeth with different periodontal status: A preliminary study. Int. J. Morphol., 38(6):1735-1741, 2020.