Wen-Bin Jiang; Ting-Wei Song; Shi-Zhu Sun; Chan Li; Philip Adds; Qiang Xu; Cong Liu; Wei Tang; Yan-Yan Chi; Wei Chen; Sheng-Bo Yu & Hong-Jin Sui
For treating cruciate ligament injuries, especially for characterizing the mechanics of the tunnel in cruciate ligament reconstruction, correctly understanding the bony information of the attachment area of the cruciate ligaments is significant. We studied 31 knee joints of middle-aged Chinese adults using the P45 sheet plastination technique, focusing on the attachment areas of the cruciate ligaments, especially the bony structures. The trabeculae at the attachment area were distributed radially and extended deep into the medial wall of the lateral condyle of the femur. However, in the anterior part of the intercondylar eminence, the trabeculae of the anterior group were parallelly arranged along the tendinous fibers of the anterior cruciate ligament, while the trabeculae of the posterior group were parallelly arranged along the perpendicular direction of the anterior cruciate ligament fibers. Similarly, at the attachment area of the lateral wall of the medial condyle of the posterior cruciate ligament, the trabeculae extended radially toward the deep medial condyle. Deep in the posterior part of the intercondylar eminence, the trabeculae were arranged longitudinally. In the anterior part of the intercondylar eminence, the trabeculae were parallelly arranged along the perpendicular directions of ligament fibers. The distribution patterns of the trabecular at the attachment areas of the cruciate ligaments at the ends of the femur and tibia were different. This difference should be considered when orthopedic surgeons reconstruct anterior cruciate ligaments.
KEY WORDS: Knee joint; Cruciate ligament; Trabecula bone; P45 plastination technique.
JIANG, W. B.; SONG, T. W.; SUN, S. Z.; LI, C.; ADDS, P.; XU, Q.; LIU, C.; TANG, W.; CHI, Y. Y.; CHEN, W. & YU, S. B. & SUI, H. J. Bony structures at the attachment areas of the cruciate ligaments in human knee joints and their clinical significance-studied using the P45 plastination technique. Int. J. Morphol., 40(6):1579-1586, 2022.