Si-Meng Jiang; Cong Liu; Xu-Hui Zhang; Nan Zheng; Sheng-BoYu; Yan-Yan Chi; Jian-Fei Zhang; Ye Wang; Hong-Jin Sui & Qiang Xu
A comparative study of the morphology of suboccipital cavernous sinus (SCS) using MRI and cast specimens was performed. The present retrospective study analysed the craniocervical magnetic resonance venography (MRV) imaging data of 61 patients. Three-dimensional reconstruction was performed using Mimics 19.0. The SCS left-right diameter(d1), distance from the midline (d2), supero-inferior diameter(d3), anteroposterior diameter (d4), distance from posterior diameter to skin (d5), and diameter of the SCS at different parts (d6-d8) were measured. Comparison between MRV images and cast specimens, the SCS, marginal sinus, anterior condylar vein, and vertebral artery venous plexus were symmetrical and could be bilaterally displayed, whereas the presence of extra condylar vein and posterior condylar vein exhibited different types. The adjacency between the SCS and its communicating vessels and changes in its communicating vessels corresponded well with the MRV images and cast specimens. Many types of the presence of left and right lateral condylar and posterior condylar veins were found in the cast specimens, which could be divided into the bilateral presence of posterior condylar and lateral condylar veins, unilateral presence of posterior condylar veins, and unilateral presence of lateral condylar vein. A total of 61 cases analysed using MRV images revealed the bilateral presence of posterior condylar and lateral condylar veins (77.1 %), the unilateral presence of posterior condylar vein (18.0 %), and the unilateral presence of lateral condylar vein (9.8 %), of which the bilateral presence of posterior condylar and lateral condylar veins accounted for the largest proportion. MRV images and cast specimens of the SCS showed its normal morphological structure and adjacency, thus providing accurate and complete Three-dimensional imaging anatomical data of the SCS and its communicating vascular structures. This study enriches the Chinese SCS imaging anatomy data and may be valuable in clinical practice.
KEY WORDS: Suboccipital cavernous sinus; MRV; Cast specimen, Craniocervical junction.
JIANG, S. M.; LIU, C.; ZHANG, X. H.; ZHENG, N.; BOYU, S.; CHI, Y. Y.; ZHANG, J. F.; WANG, Y.; SUI, H. J. & XU, Q. A comparative study of the morphology of suboccipital cavernous sinus using magnetic resonance imaging and cast specimens. Int. J. Morphol., 40(4):1000-1008, 2022.