Instruments to Evaluate Physical-Emotional Perceptions in Medical Anatomy Students. Systematic Review

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Bernal-García Martha; Quemba Mesa Monica; Silva Ortiz Sara & Pacheco-Olmos Blanka


Physical-emotional perceptions have proven connotations in training and professional future. To analyze the evidence on the measurement instruments to evaluate the physical- emotional perceptions in students of Anatomy in medicine. Systematic review in which observational studies from 2010 to 2020 were consulted in the Scopus, Ovid, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Web of Science and ProQuest databases, with validated search terms. The study selection process was synthesized in a flow chart. Data extraction and quality assessment were done by three independent reviewers using scales from the National Institutes of Health in the United States; The agreement between reviewers was assessed with the Fleiss kappa coefficient. 28 differentiated studies were included in validated measurement instruments (n 16) and studies that used other collection instruments (n 12). The most frequent types of validation were internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha and construct, factor analysis. There is an acceptable number of instruments that evaluate the subject, new studies are required that provide evidence of the rigor in the measurement processes with cross-cultural adaptation and of different types of instrument validation.

KEY WORDS: Anatomy, Dissection; Perceptions; Medical education; Systematic review; Medical students.

How to cite this article

BERNAL-GARCÍA M.; QUEMBA, M. M.; SILVA, O. S. & PACHECO-OLMOS, B. Instruments to evaluate physical- emotional perceptions in medical anatomy students. Systematic review. Int. J. Morphol., 40(4):946-952, 2022.