Inter-Incisive Index in Bulgarians and its Application in Dentistry

Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookEmail this to someoneShare on Google+

Zdravka Harizanova; Atanas Baltadjiev; Miroslava Yordanova; Ferihan Popova & Marieta Peycheva


In recent years, aesthetic dentistry has become a major focus for the public. Facial attractiveness plays a key role on modern society and the creation of harmonious smile is an aim for every dentist. The objective of this study was to define certain values of the interincisive index in Bulgarians, the sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry and to verify differences of this index between Bulgarians and other Balkan populations. The present study included 121 males and 111 females of Bulgarian origin aged 20- 40 years. Mesiodistal dimensions of maxillary central and lateral incisors were measured by Dentistry Sliding Vernier Caliper. We used the technique of direct anthropometry, modified by Prof. Y. Yordanov. We calculated the inter-incisive index as ratio of the mesiodistal dimension of maxillary lateral incisor to the mesiodistal dimension of the maxillary central incisor. The measurements were analyzed with SPSS 23. The level of statistical significance was set at P< 0.05. The inter-incisive index showed no statistically significant differences between left and right side of the dental arch in both sexes. We did not find statistically significant differences between males and females as well. On the other hand, we found statistically significant differences in MD values of incisors between Bulgarians and other Balkan nations. Interincisive index shows no sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry in Bulgarians. This can be helpful in aesthetic dentistry, in prosthodontics and in orthodontic treatment planning.

KEY WORDS: Incisors; Proportions; Hypodontia; Prosthetics; Orthodontics.

How to cite this article

HARIZANOVA, Z.; BALTADJIEV, A. & YORDANOVA, M.; POPOVA, F. & PEYCHEVA, M. Inter-incisive index in Bulgarians and its application in dentistry. Int. J. Morphol., 40(3):706-710, 2022.