Distribution of Various Volumes of Methylene Blue Injection in Suprainguinal Fascia Iliaca Block Under Ultrasound Guidance: A Cadaveric Study

Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookEmail this to someoneShare on Google+

Perada Kantakam; Naraporn Maikong; Prangmalee Leurcharusmee; Apichat Sinthubua & Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh


The local anesthetic volume for a single-shot suprainguinal fascia iliaca block (SFIB) is a key factor of a block success because the courses of the three target nerves from the lumbar plexus (LP), the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN), femoral nerve (FN), and obturator nerve (ON), at the inguinal area are isolated and within striking distance. Thus, this cadaveric study aims to demonstrate the distribution of dye staining on the LFCN, FN, ON, and LP following the ultrasound-guided SFIB using 15-50 ml of methylene blue. A total of 40 USG-SFIBs were performed on 20 fresh adult cadavers using 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, and 50 ml of methylene blue. After the injections, the pelvic and inguinal regions were dissected to directly visualize the dye stained on the LFCN, FN, ON, and LP. All FN and LFCN were stained heavily when the 15-50 ml of dye was injected. Higher volumes of dye (40-50 ml) spread more medially and stained on the ON and LP in 60 % of cases. To increase the possibility of dye spreading to all three target nerves and LP of the SFIB, a high volume (≥40 ml) of anesthetic is recommended. If only a blockade of the FN and LFCN is required, a low volume (15-25 ml) of anesthetic is sufficient.

KEY WORDS: Ultrasonography; Fascia iliaca block; Anesthetic volume; Cadaveric study.

How to cite this article

KANTAKAM, P.; MAIKONG, N.; LEURCHARUSMEE, P.; SINTHUBUA, A. & MAHAKKANUKRAUH, P. Distribution of various volumes of methylene blue injection in suprainguinal fascia iliaca block under ultrasound guidance: A cadaveric study. Int. J. Morphol., 40(3):678-682, 2022.