Tarek M. Mirdad; Bahjat Al-Ani; Fareed F. Aseeri; Samaa S. Kamar; Rasha Mirdad; Hussah M. AlGilban; Mohamed A. Haidara; Amr M. Abbas & Amal F. Dawood
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an inflammatory autoimmune disease that causes cartilage degradation and tissue destruction, can affect synovial joints such as the knee joint. The link between the nitrosative stress enzyme inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1β) in RA-induced knee joint synovial membrane damage with and without the incorporation of the GSK3β inhibitor TDZD-8 has never been studied. As a result, we used active immunization method with collagen type II (COII) for twenty one days to induce RA in rats. TDZD-8 (1 mg/kg; i.p.) was given daily into matched immunized rats for three weeks after day 21 (COII+TDZD-8). Blood and tissue samples were taken 42 days after immunization. A dramatic increase in rheumatoid factor (RF) blood levels, as well as considerable synovial tissue damage and inflammatory cell infiltration of the synovial membrane, were used to validate the onset of RA following COII immunization. COII immunization increased tissue levels of iNOS protein and IL- 1β mRNA and protein expression, which TDZD-8 suppressed considerably (p<0.0001). Furthermore, there was a significantly (p<0.001) positive correlation between iNOS, inflammatory biomarkers, and RF. We concluded that TDZD-8 reduced RA-induced IL-1β -iNOS axis-mediated arthritis in the rat knee joint synovium.
KEY WORDS: Rheumatoid arthritis; IL-1β-iNOS axis; TDZD-8; Nitrosative stress; Rat model.
MIRDAD, T. M.; AL-ANI, B.; ASEERI, F. F.; KAMAR, S. S.; MIRDAD, R.; ALGILBAN, H. M.; HAIDARA, M. A.; ABBAS, A. M. & DAWOOD, A. F. Suppression of nitrosative stress and inflammation of the knee joint synovium in collagen type ii-induced rheumatoid arthritisby the inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3ß. Int. J. Morphol., 40(1):84-90, 2022.