Gasless Laparoscopic Anatomy and Renal Biopsy of the Kidney in the Standing Mare

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Mostafa M. Kassem; Mahmoud H. El-Kammar; Mohamed A.M. Alsafy; Samir A.A. El-Gendy; Ahmed Sayed-Ahmed & Ahmed N. EL-Khamary


The current study aimed to provide the topography and renal biopsy of the standing mare kidneys by laparoscopy w ithout CO2 insufflation and to compare between the use of biopsy needle and forceps. Five clinically healthy adult nonpregnant mares weighing 250­300 Kg and aging 7­9 years were used in the current work. The gasless laparoscopic renal biopsy appeared simple, safe, reliable, minimal invasive, timesaving and economical technique. The parallel biopsy portals provided easy and accessible biopsy procedure than dorsal or ventral portals. The biopsies taken from the lateral surface were less hemorrhagic than those taken from the caudal pole. This study recommended the laparoscopic forceps because the biopsy forceps provided satisfactory and representative specimens with minimal hemorrhage than Tru-cut needle.

KEY WORDS: Laparoscopy; Anatomy; Renal biopsy; Mare; Gasless.

How to cite this article

KASSEM, M. M.; EL-KAMMAR, M. H.; ALSAFY, M. A. M.; EL-GENDY, S. A. A.; SAYED-AHMED, A. & EL-KHAMARY, A. N. Gasless laparoscopic anatomy and renal biopsy of the kidney in the standing mare. Int. J. Morphol., 32(4):1234-1242, 2014.