Gonadal Maturation in Pseudoplatystoma metaense × Leiarius marmoratus Hybrids, (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae)

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José Rodriguez-Pulido; Jonathan Villamil-Rodriguez; Tatiana Mira-López; Pablo Cruz-Casallas & Bernardo Baldisserotto


Establishing guidelines for responsible management in fish production systems requires knowledge of the basic biology of the fish to be raised. The objective of this work was to determine the reproductive capacity of hybrids produced from the crossing of females of Pseudoplatystoma metaense with males of Leiarius marmoratus. Males presented a digitiform, unrestricted spermatogonial testicle containing caudal digits producing glycoproteins that do not form a seminal vesicle. It was possible to find free sperm in the lumen of the tubules and in the ducts. The ovary of the females was found to be saccular and synchronous with at least three groups of oocytes. In the first year of life, only oogonia up to previtellogenic oocytes (cortical alveolus 284.9 ± 35.7 mm in diameter) were found. After the second year vitellogenic oocytes 730 ± 3.78 mm in diameter were observed. The events of gonadal development of the hybrids indicate that they are gonochoric, synchronic animals. The maturation peaks in the high-water season, overlapping with the parental species. Therefore, the escape of hybrids from fish cultures to the rivers may increase the risk of crosses, gene introgression, or diminution of the reproductive capacity of the pure species.

KEY WORDS: Gonadal development; Indices; Sexual maturation.

How to cite this article

RODRIGUEZ-PULIDO, J.; VILLAMIL-RODRIGUEZ, J.; MIRA-LÓPEZ, T.; CRUZ-CASALLAS, P. & BALDISSEROTTO, B. Gonadal maturation in Pseudoplatystoma metaense × Leiarius marmoratus hybrids, (Siluriformes:Pimelodidae). Int. J. Morphol., 38(5):1405-1411, 2020.