Hans Contreras-Pulache; Eduardo Espinoza-Lecca & Jeel Moya-Salazar
The initial historical development of Peruvian neurology includes Oscar Trelles who is the founder of the groundwork and its progress. However, the milestones of noteworthy individuals in Peruvian neurology work, during the second half of the 20th century and beyond, have not yet been described. The objective of this work was to address the scientific stage of neurology in Peru during the second half of the 20th century, proposing the work of Pedro Ortiz Cabanillas as a disruptive and innovative proposal in neurology. During the second half of the 20th century, the neurology training schools were divided into the National University of San Marcos and the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, represented by Honorio Delgado and Oscar Trelles. During the second half of the twentieth century, Pedro Ortiz relates information as the material that organizes living systems, in his Informational Sociobiological Theory. In this work it is stated that information becomes more complex in five organizational levels of living systems. According to the development considerations of neurology in the second half of the 20th century in Peru, we highlight Pedro Ortiz as a pioneer who proposes a redefinition of the understanding of information in living systems.
KEY WORDS: Neurosciences; Perú.
CONTRERAS-PULACHE, H.; ESPINOZA-LECCA, E. & MOYA-SALAZAR, J. Aproximación biográfica a Pedro Ortiz Cabanillas (1933-2011) y su Teoría Sociobiologica Informacional en el contexto de la neurología científica peruana. Int. J. Morphol., 37(4):1316- 1324, 2019.