Naoko Otawa-Kamogashira; Yuko Matsuda; Masaaki Takezaki; Yuji Hatakeyama; Sachio Tamaoki & Hiroyuki Ishikawa
Amelogenin is one of the enamel matrices secreted by ameloblasts. A mutation of the amelogenin gene can cause hereditary dental enamel defects known as amelogenesis imperfecta (AI). Since lysosome-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1), -3 (LAMP-3), and 78kDa glucose-related protein (Grp78) were identified as binding proteins of amelogenin, several studies have suggested the involvement of these binding proteins with the cell kinetics of ameloblasts in normal or abnormal conditions. The purpose of this study is to investigate the distribution of these amelogenin binding proteins in the ameloblast cell differentiation of mice with a point mutation of the amelogenin gene (Amelx*). The incisors of Amelx* mice had a white opaque color and the tooth surface was observed to be rough under a scanning electron microscope. Among the sequential ameloblast cell differentiation in the Amelx* mice, the shape of ameloblasts at the transition stage was irregular in comparison to those in wild-type (WT) mice. Immunostaining of Grp78 revealed that the whole cytoplasm of the transition stage ameloblasts was immunopositive for Grp78 antibody, while only the distal part of cell was positive in the WT mice. Furthermore, in the Amelx* mice, the cytoplasm of the transition stage ameloblasts was immunopositive for LAMP-1 and LAMP-3. These results suggest that Amelx* may cause the abnormal distribution of amelogenin binding proteins in the cytoplasm of ameloblasts.
KEY WORDS: Amelogenin; Amelogenesis imperfecta; 78kDa glucose-related protein (Grp78); Lysosome-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs).
How to cite this article
OTAWA-KAMOGASHIRA, N.; MATSUDA, Y.; TAKEZAKI, M.; HATAKEYAMA, Y.; TAMAOKI, S. & ISHIKAWA, H. Immunohistochemical study of amelogenin binding proteins in an amelogenin point mutation mouse. Int. J. Morphol., 37(2):522-532, 2019.