Matrigel is a basement membrane matrix extracted from the EHS mouse tumor containing extracellular matrix protein,its main components are laminin, type IV collagen, nestin, heparin sulfate, growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase.At room temperature, Matrigel polymerized to form a three dimensional matrix with biological activity. It can simulate the structure, composition, physical properties and functions of the cell basement membrane in vivo, which is beneficial to the culture and differentiation of the cells in vitro, and can be used for the study of cell morphology, biochemical function, migration, infection and gene expression. In this study, Matrigel three-dimensional culture model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) was established, and its morphology, proliferation and survival were observed. BMSCs were isolated and cultured with whole bone marrow adherence method. The Second generation BMSCs with good growth condition were selected and mixed with Matrigel to form cell gel complexes. The morphology and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells were observed by phase contrast microscope and HE staining,Live/Dead staining was used to evaluate the cell activity. Phase contrast microscopy showed that BMSCs were reticulated in Matrigel and proliferated well. After 7 days, the matrix gel gradually became soft and collapsed, a few cell reticular crosslinking growth was seen at 14 days; HE staining showed that the cytoplasm of the cells was larger on the fourth day and the cells were elongated and cross-linked on the seventh day; Live/dead staining showed that most cells showed green fluorescence with the prolongation of culture time, on the first, 4 and 7 days, the activity of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in Matrigel gradually increased, and the percentages were 92.57 %, 95.54 % and 97.37 %, respectively. Matrigel three-dimensional culture system can maintain the morphology, function and proliferation ability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.
KEY WORDS: Morphology; Tissue engineering; Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs); Matrigel.