The aim of this study was to characterize a commercial beta tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) block allograft for use in maxillofacial reconstruction, evaluating its homogeneity, porosity and mineralization. Two commercial 5 x 5 x10 mm chronOS Vivify β-TCP blocks were used, which were evaluated by a STEM SU-3500 variable pressure scanning electron microscope (SEM-STEM) (Hitachi, Japan). For the semi-quantitative microanalysis of elements, the QUANTAX 100 energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer detector (EDX) (Bruker, Germany) was used. The homogeneity of the structural morphology, macropore and micropore size and component homogeneity were evaluated. The microscopic analysis showed micropores of 164.92 mm (± 35.032 mm) in diameter in the outer area and micropores in the inner area of 54.44 mm (± 17.676 mm). The formation of porosities and irregularities present in the block was heterogeneous between the outer and inner surfaces. The mineral content of the blocks presented homogeneity with the presence of carbon (2.02 %), oxygen (44.33 %), phosphate (16.62 %) and calcium (37.87 %). The β-TCP block can be used in bone reconstruction but the presence of reduced macropore and micropore sizes could limit efficiency in the substitution and bone regeneration phase.
KEY WORDS: b-TCP; Scaffold; Craniofacial reconstruction; Bone graft.