The island of Rapa Nui, also called Té Hé Pito o Té Henúa or the navel of the world, is home to one of the, until recently, most isolated and enigmatic villages of the world, with their ancestral customs characterized by the construction of colossi called Moai. Therefore, as a way of honoring the native peoples of our country, the authors wanted to bring this particular people closer to the general knowledge of anatomists by researching their vocabulary and language through the description of words in dictionaries, and direct interview with residents of the island that have relationship with our discipline for the elaboration of this anatomical ethnographic Glossary, mainly influenced by Polynesian languages, as well as French and English, to finish with the more recent continental influence.
Iorana. (Greeting Rapa Nui)
KEY WORDS: Anatomic glossary; Rapa Nui; Anatomical language.