Polymeric Nanoparticle Systems: Structure, Elaboration Methods, Characteristics, Properties, Biofunctionalization and Self-assembly Layer by Layer Technologies

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Madelein C. Urrejola; Liliam V. Soto; Consuelo C. Zumarán; Juan Pablo Peñaloza; Beatriz Álvarez; Ignacio Fuentevilla & Ziyad S. Haidar


Polymeric materials have been extensively investigated for biomedical applications including micro- and nano- particles. Modern advances have broadened horizons for application with peptides and nucleic acids. Therefore, interests increased in the formulation of materials, devices and vehicles for transporting therapeutic agents in functionalized nanostructures. Recent nano-systems are inspired by natural phenomena that stimulate the integration of molecular signals and the mimicking of natural cellular processes, at tissue and organ levels. Technologically, the ability to obtain spherical nanostructures, which combine different properties, that no other single material possesses on its own, makes nanocapsules particularly attractive. Potential advantages over polymer nanoparticulate systems are highlighted throughout each part of this review article. Here, we address the most relevant aspects of structure, composition and methods of formulation of nanoparticulate systems. In addition, we outline some of the more recent works focusing on nanosized preparations, based on agent-directed polymers, found in specialized research articles that have emerged in the recent years.

KEY WORDS: Nanostructures; Nanospheres; Nanocapsules; Dendrimers; Quantum dots.

How to cite this article

URREJOLA, M. C.; SOTO, L. V.; ZUMARÁN, C. C.; PEÑALOZA, J. P.; ÁLVAREZ, B.; FUENTEVILLA, I. & HAIDAR, Z. S. Polymeric Nanoparticle Systems II: structure, elaboration methods, characteristics, properties, biofunctionalization and self-assembly layer by layer technologies. Int. J. Morphol., 36(4):1463-1471, 2018.