Protective Effect of Resveratrol Against Morphine Damage to Kidneys of Mice

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Cyrus Jalili; Fatemeh Makalani; Shiva Roshankhah; Khadije Sohrabi & Mohammad Reza Salahshoor


Morphine produces free radicals and cause apoptosis in some cell. Resveratrol (RSV) is a stilbenoid, a type of natural phenol, and a phytoalexin produced by several plants in response to injury. 48 male mice were randomly assigned to 8 groups. In this study, various doses of RSV (2, 8 and 20 mg/kg) and RSV plus Morphine (2, 8 and 20 mg/kg) were administered intraperitoneally to male mice for 20 consequent days and weight of kidneys, biochemical characteristics, morphometric markers and blood serum nitric oxide level were studied. The results indicated that morphine administration significantly increased the mean diameter of glomerulus and distal and proximal convoluted tubule, Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine and nitric oxide levels compared to the saline group (P<0.05). However, RSV and RSV plus morphine in all doses significantly decreased glomeruli number and LDH, BUN, creatinine and nitric oxide levels compared to morphine groups (p<0.05). Thus, it seems that resveratrol improved kidney damages induced by morphine in mice.

KEY WORDS: Morphine; Resveratrol; Kidney.

How to cite this article

JALILI, C.; MAKALANI, F.; ROSHANKHAH, S.; SOHRABI, K. & SALAHSHOOR, M. R. Protective effect of resveratrol against morphine damage to kidneys of mice. Int. J. Morphol., 35(4):1409-1415, 2017.