Assessment of Biopsycho Typological State of Firefighters: Health Parameters and Anti Stress Resources

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022014000200054
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Curilem, G. C.; Almagià, F. A.; Yuing, F. T. & Rodríguez, R. F.

Summary

The morphostructural analysis and psychological characteristics of firefighters are vital; specific physical and psychological levels are needed to meet the requirements of their work. It is essential to know biotype, personality resistance variables and level of burnout syndrome present in this population. We evaluated the profile of active volunteers in the cities of Valparaiso and Viña del Mar in Chile; 101 male volunteers, aged between 20 and 50 years were included in the study. Heath ­ Carter somatotype, Personality Resistance variables and level of Burnout Syndrome according to Jiménez Moreno methodology were applied. The results indicate a predominant somatotype as Endomesomorph, Endomorph 5.44±1.60; Mesomorph 6.17±1.37, Ectomorph 0.90±1.23. Personality resistance variable presented a high score, commitment 3.61±0.39, challenge 3.53±0.47, control 3.41±0.42. Burnout syndrome had a low factor rating 15.38±4.17, syndrome 18.79±4.10; consequences 5.64±1.98. There is a high endomorphic component increasing cardiovascular risk. Leg circumference is on the other hand, related to Personality resistance control, indicating that while perimeter is greater, the mark is lower for Burnout resistance syndrome. The lack of continuous and programmed physical activity in this population of volunteer firefighters is clearly reflected in their anthropometric characteristics.

KEY WORDS: Anthropometry; Firefighters; Resistant Personality; Burnout.

How to cite this article

CURILEM, G. C; ALMAGIÀ, F. A; YUING, F. T; RODRÍGUEZ, R. F. Assessment of biopsycho typological state of firefighters: Health parameters and anti stress resources. Int. J. Morphol., 32(2):709-714, 2014.