Posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve (PACN) is a branch of radial nerve supplying the skin of posterior forearm. Data regarding its anatomy remain insufficient especially the origin and number of branches. We dissected 101 upper extremities from 32 male and 20 female cadavers to expose the PACN. In all specimens, the nerve emerged from the deep fascia at the hiatus proximal to the interepicondylar line (IEL) with mean distances of 7.24 and 7.44 cm in males and females, respectively. Percentage of this distance to the arm length was 23.2 % and 26.1 % in males and females, respectively. After penetrating the deep fascia, the PACN coursed in the subcutaneous layer and crossed the IEL anterior to the lateral epicondyle (LE) in all cases. The mean distances from the crossing point to the LE along the IEL were 1.52 cm in males and 1.34 cm in females. Regarding the branches of PACN, at least 50 % of the specimens had up to 3 or 4 branches originating either proximal or distal to the hiatus. In two arms, one of these branches passed posterior to the LE. Moreover, there were communicating branches between the PACN and the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve in 9 specimens. Gender and side differences were found in some measurement parameters. These data are crucial for avoiding the PACN injury during surgical procedures around the elbow.
KEY WORDS: Posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve; Lateral epicondyle; Interepicondylar line; Anatomy.