A Short Training Program Reduced Fat Mass and Abdominal Distribution in Obese Women with Intellectual Disability

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022013000200034
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Francisco J. Ordonez; Gabriel Fornieles; Miguel A. Rosety; Ignacio Rosety; Antonio J. Diaz; Alejandra Camacho; Manuel Rosety; Natalia Garcia & Manuel Rosety-Rodriguez

Summary

Recent studies have reported obesity prevalence in people with intellectual disability is even higher than in the general population what may finally lead to impair their health status and increase healthcare costs. Fortunately several studies have reported regular exercise may improve body composition in obese people with and without intellectual disability. To the best of our knowledge this is the first study conducted exclusively in female participants with intellectual disability, in an attempt to keep our sample homogeneous. To date, many studies focused on the influence of regular exercise in people with intellectual disability have recruited mixed (males and females) groups in order to increase their sample size to strengthen research designs. Therefore, we assessed the influence of a 10-week aerobic training program on fat mass percentage and indices of obesity in women with Down syndrome. To get this goal, twenty obese young women with Down syndrome volunteered for this study. Eleven were randomly assigned to perform a 10- week aerobic training program, 3 sessions/week, consisting of warming-up followed by a main part in a treadmill (30-40 min) at a work intensity of 55-65% of peak heart rate and a cooling-down period. Control group included 9 age, sex and BMI matched women with Down syndrome. Fat mass percentage and fat distribution were measured. This protocol was approved by an Institutional Ethics Committee. When compared to baseline, fat mass percentage, waist circumference and waist to hip ratio were significantly reduced after training. Conversely, no changes were reported in controls. It was concluded a 10-week training program reduced fat mass in obese adult women with Down syndrome.

KEY WORDS: Down syndrome; Exercise; Women; Obesity; Waist to hip ratio.

How to cite this article

ORDONEZ, F. J.; FORNIELES, G.; ROSETY, M. A.; ROSETY, I.; DIAZ, A. J.; CAMACHO, A.; ROSETY, M.; GARCIA, N. & ROSETY-RODRIGUEZ, M. A short training program reduced fat mass and abdominal distribution in obese women with intellectual disability. Int. J. Morphol., 31(2):570-574, 2013.