Effect of Visfatin on the Structure and Immune Levels in the Small Intestine of LPS-Induced Rats

DOI : 10.4067/S0717-95022015000400051
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Ying Zhou; Lu Cui; Huairui Yuan; Ke Xiao; Faheem Ahmed Khan; Liang Guo; Zhi Yang & Hui Song

Summary

This study investigated the effects of visfatin on the structure and the immunity levels in the small intestine of LPS-induced rats. Forty Wistar male and female SPF rats were randomly and equally divided into four groups: the saline (control), vistfatin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and visfatin+LPS co-stimulated. The functions of visfatin in the intestinal mucosal immunity were investigated by examining the variation of tissue structure, inflammation and immunity-related proteins in the intestine of immunologically stressed rats using HE staining, ELISA, immunohistochemistry and Western Blot. The results showed that, when compared with the control group, the visfatin-treated group showed a decrease in the intestinal villus height and width, and a significant increase in the levels of IL-6 and TNF-ð as well as Immunoglobulin A (IgA) positive cells. Additionally, when compared with the LPS-treated group, the visfatin+LPS co-stimulated group showed a decrease in the villus height and width as well as the levels of IL-6 and TNF-ð, and an increase in IgA levels, implying a shrinking response to LPS injection. All the results suggest that, under normal physiological conditions, visfatin disturbs the body's homeostasis and causes intestinal villus atrophy by increasing IgA expression. While under immune response conditions, LPS acts as an exogenous antigen to promote visfatin against LPS-induced inflammation by decreasing the expression of IgA. Under immune stress conditions, visfatin as an exogenous stimulus promotes the immune response by regulating the protein levels of IL-6, TNF-ð and IgA.

KEY WORDS: Visfatin; Intestinal mucosa; LPS­induced rats; IgA; Inflammatory factor.

How to cite this article

ZHOU, Y.; CUI, L.; YUN, H.; XIO, K.; KAHN, F. A.; GUO, L.; YANG, Z. & SONG, H. Effect of visfatin on the structure and immune levels in the small intestine of LPS-induced rats. Int. J. Morphol., 33(4):1502-1509, 2015.