Lower Third Molar Region

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000300034
Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookEmail this to someoneShare on Google+

Iván Suazo Galdames


The lower third molar region is an important region for the odontostomatological practice, since it presents a great amount of pathological processes related to the development and eruption of the third molar; thus having a considerable number of surgical interventions. Despite its importance, this region is not accounted for in anatomical terminology nor is it described in topographic anatomy; and in spite of the great number of studies that analyze the surgical anatomy of the region, it is necessary to systematize the description of its boundaries, planes, content, risk elements, anatomical repairs, etc.; therefore, the purpose of the present article is to review the modern concepts related to the surgical anatomy of the lower third molar region and to establish a description based on these concepts.

KEY WORDS: Third molar; Lingual nerve; Inferior alveolar nerve; Retromolar triangle; Retromolar pad; Mandibular canal; Oral surgery.

How to cite this article

SUAZO, I. Lower third molar region. Int. J. Morphol., 30(3):970-978, 2012.