Condylar Resorption After Orthognathic Surgery: A Systematic Review

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Paulo Hemerson de Moraes; Célia Marisa Rizzati-Barbosa; Sergio Olate; Roger Willian Fernandes Moreira & Márcio de Moraes


The aim of this research was to evaluate the risk factors related to condylar resorption (CR) after orthognathic surgery. Was realized a systematic review with a search of the literature performed in the electronic databases PubMed, MedLine, Ovid, Cochrane Library for current evidence in the world literature as conducted, and relevant articles were selected in according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and the findings were compared. Eight papers, (follow-up 12 months to 69 months) were including. A sample of 2567 patient with mandible or bi maxillary surgery with an age range from 14 to 46 year old was observed. In 137 patients (5.3%) CR was observed , with a 97.6% (122) female. CR was related to 118 cases with mandibular deficiencies with high mandibular plane (advancement surgery). CR were present principally in bi maxillary surgery with a 103 cases (75.2%) and only two papers show any analysis to the relation with TMJ dysfunction. Current evidence in CR is poor but supports those female patients with mandibular deficiency and high mandibular plane angle submitted to bi maxillary surgery with change in occlusal plane (counterclockwise) are associated with condylar resorption after orthognathic surgery.

KEY WORDS: Condylar resorption; Orthognathic surgery; TMJ dysfunction.

How to cite this article

DE MORAES, P. H.; RIZZATI-BARBOSA, C. M.; OLATE, S.; MOREIRA, R. W. F. & DE MORAES, M. Condylar resorption after orthognathic surgery: A systematic review. Int. J. Morphol., 30(3):1023-1028, 2012.