Extensor indicis brevis Muscle: an Unusual Muscular Variant

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000300050
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Garbelotti Junior, S.; Yukio Fukuda, T.; Rodrigues Pereira, V.; Garcia Lucareli, P. & Olave, E.


Knowledge of anatomical variations of the musculoskeletal system is important for interpreting unusual clinical presentations. We observed the presence of an abnormal extensor indicis muscle in the left hand of an adult male cadaver. In this case, the muscle comes from the ligament and over the scaphoideum and trapezoideum bones and continues after the short muscle belly; it is attached to the dorsal aponeurosis of the indicis. This muscular disposition was described in other studies which demonstrated approximately 1.0% of incidence. Clinically, this anatomical variation may be associated with pain and swelling at the back of the hand. In these cases symptoms tend to increase due to mechanical stress and can be confused with the presence of a dorsal synovial cyst. This report will help clinicians, surgeons, occupational and physical therapists formulate better clinical or surgical decisions when presented with a rare anatomical variation.

Key words: Anatomy; Hand; Muscles; Extensor indicis muscle.

How to cite this article

GARBELOTTI, JR S.; FUKUDA, Y. T.; PEREIRA, R. V.; LUCARELI, G. P. & OLAVE, E. Extensor indicis brevis: An unusual muscular variant. Int. J. Morphol., 30(3):1071-1073, 2012.