On the Variations of the Muscle Flexor Digitorum Brevis: Anatomical Insight

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000100059
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Isurani Ilayperuma


Flexor digitorum brevis, an intrinsic muscle of the sole of the foot, is stated as one of the muscles that shows frequent anatomical variations. Its most commonly reported anomaly is the absence of tendon to the little toe. From a clinical standpoint of view, flexor digitorum brevis musculocutanous flap is used in the reconstruction of the heel pad and flexor digitorum brevis tendon transfer is employed in the correction of flexible claw and hammer toe deformities. Despite its significance little is known regarding the variations of this muscle in Sri Lankans. Hence, the goal of this study was to elucidate the incidence and morphological features of this muscle in an adult Sri Lankan population. A total of one hundred and thirty five apparently healthy human feet were dissected and studied for the morphological features of the flexor digitorum brevis muscle. The incidence of the absent fourth tendon of the flexor digitorum brevis in the present study was found to be 71.85%. In all cases, when absent, it was missing bilaterally. The results of the present study further highlight the anatomical variations of the flexor digitorum brevis muscle. A sound knowledge about the anatomical variations of flexor digitorum brevis will facilitate the outcome of surgical as well as diagnostic imaging techniques of the foot. Furthermore, understanding muscle architecture of the foot may assist in the design of prosthesis and analysis of foot function.

KEY WORDS: Flexor digitorum brevis; Anatomical variation; Sri Lankan.

How to cite this article

ILAYPERUMA, I. On the variations of the muscle flexor digitorum brevis: anatomical insight. Int. J. Morphol., 30(1):337-340, 2012.