Rodolfo Morales-Avalos; Jorge I. Leyva-Villegas; Gabriela Sánchez-Mejorada; Omar Méndez-Aguirre; Oscar Ulises Galindo-Aguilar; Alejandro Quiroga-Garza; Eliud E. Villarreal-Silva; Félix Vílch ez-Cavazos; José R.B. Galván; Rodrigo E. Elizondo-Omaña & Santos Guzmán-López
Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI) is a clinical entity that has been recognized in recent years as a frequent cause of pain and the early development of hip arthrosis. Subspine hip impingement is characterized by the prominent or abnormal morphology of the anteroinferior iliac spine (AIIS), which contributes to the development of a clinical picture that is similar to FAI. The aims of this study were to propose a new morphological classification of the AIIS, to determine the prevalence of the different AIIS morphologies based on this classification and to correlate the presence of said morphologies with different gender and age groups. The sample consisted of 458 hemipelvises from individuals of known age and sex (264 men and 194 women). Each specimen was analyzed to determine the prevalence of each of the different morphologies of the AIIS based on the classification proposed as Type 1: the presence of a concave surface between the AIIS and the acetabular rim; Type 2A: the presence of a flat surface between the AIIS and the acetabular rim; Type 2B the presence of a convex surface between the AIIS and the acetabular rim; and Type 3: the AIIS protrudes inferiorly toward the anterior acetabulum. A prevalence of 69.87% was determined for Type 1 AIIS (320/458). In regard to abnormal morphology, prevalences of 17.90% (82/458), 3.71% (17/458) and 8.52% (39/458) were determined for type 2A, Type 2B and Type 3, respectively. The prevalence of abnormal AIIS morphology was 30.30% (80/264) in male specimens and 29.90% (58/194) in female specimens. This study demonstrates the prevalence of the different morphologies of the AIIS, providing information that will be useful in determining the role of the AIIS in the emergence of subspine hip impingement.
KEY WORDS: Prevalence; Anterior inferior iliac spine; Subspine impingement; Classification; Morphology; Hip.
How to cite this article
MORALES-AVALOS, R.; LEYVA-VILLEGAS, J. I.; SÁNCHEZ-MEJORADA, G.; MÉNDEZ-AGUIRRE, O.; GALINDO- AGUILAR O. U.; QUIROGA-GARZA, A.; VILLARREAL-SILVA, E. E.; VÍLCHEZ-CAVAZOS, F.; GALVÁN, J. R.B.; ELIZONDO-OMAÑA, R. E. & GUZMÁN-LÓPEZ, S. A new morphological classification of the anterior inferior iliac spine. Relevance in subspine hip impingement. Int. J. Morphol., 33(2):626-631, 2015.