Miocardial bridge in ostrich heart (Struthio camelus).

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Consuelo Troncoso & Jorge Henríquez Pino


The term myocardial bridge is attributed to all cardiac muscle fibers, which sometimes overlap a subepicardial segment of a particular branch of the right and left coronary arteries. Polacek in 1959 was the first to approach this entity from the standpoint of muscle. From this arises the name of "myocardial bridge" and is currently the term most widely used clinically. The presence of these bridges, has been identified in humans and in animals and based on that, 50 African Black class ostrich hearts were studied, with the aim to determine the presence of myocardial bridges, number, length and main arteries where they are located. There was presence of myocardial bridges in 20 (40.0%) of the 50 hearts studied, the total number of myocardial bridges was 34, of which 30 (88.2%) were located on the left coronary artery and its branches and 4 (11.8%) over the right coronary artery and its branches. The number of bridges ranged from 1 to 4 by heart. The vessels most frequently observed were: ventricular branches paraconal interventricular branch with 22 (64.7%) and interventricular branch paraconal bridges with 8 (23.5%) bridges. Metrical records of the extent of myocardial bridges ranged between 1.6 mm and 73.1 mm.

KEY WORDS: Heart; Myocardial bridge; Ostrich.

How to cite this article

TRONCOSO, C. & HENRÍQUEZ, J. P. Miocardial bridge in ostrich heart (Struthio camelus). Int. J. Morphol., 33(2):666-672, 2015.